Paton Evgeny Oscarovich
(5. III. 1870 - 12. VII.1953)
founder of Electric Welding Institute
Scientist in the field of welding and bridge engineering,
Professor, Dr.of Techn.Sci., academician of Academy of
Sciences of Ukr.SSR (1929). Born in Nice in the family of
the Russian diplomat. Graduated from Dresden
Polytechnical Institute (1894) and Petersburg Institute of
Railway Roads ( 1896). He was a teacher at Moscow
Engineering College of Railway Roads ( 1989-1904) and
Kiev Polytechnical Institute (1904-1938). In 1929 he
organized a welding laboratory and Electric Welding
Committee, on the base of which the Electric Welding
Institute of the Academy of Sciences of UkrSSR was
founded in Kiev in 1934. He headed this Institute
to the end of his life. During 1945-1952 he was
a Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences of the UkrSSR.
He created the methods of design of rational bridge spans,
investigated the conditions of their operation, suggested
methods of restoration of damaged bridges. He carried out
research works in the field of calculation and strength of
welded structures, mechanization of welding processes,
fundamentals of welding, supervised the development of
the method of automatic submerged arc welding. During
the II World War the equipment and technology of the
automatic welding of special steels, tanks, bombs, etc.
were implemented in defense industry under his
supervision. In post-war years he headed the works in
the country on the creation of fundamentals of welding,
wide implementation of welding in industry; creation and
implementation of assembly-welding production lines.
He supervised the designing of welded bridges. He founded
a domestic school of metal welding. He was awarded high
governmental and scientific awards and prizes.
1. Paton E.O. Iron bridges: in 4 volumes.- Moscow; Kiev, 1902-1907.
2. Paton E.O. Restoration of damaged bridges.- Kiev, 1918. - 135 p.
3. Paton E.O. High-speed submerged arc welding. - 2nd edition.-
M; L.: Mashgiz, 1941.- 112 p.
4. Paton E.O. Selected papers : In 3 volumes.-Kiev: Publ.House of
AS UkrSSR, 1959-1961.
5. Paton E.O. Reminiscences: literature notes of Yu. Buryakovsky.-
Kiev.- Goslitizdat of UkrSSR, 1955.-324 p.